Credit: Munich Re

Some of the problems impacting the globe can be solved through technology. Desertification and a lack of precipitation are problems brought on by climate change. Innovations like Big Data, AI, and IoT are effective tools that digitalization has created to stop drought.

Spain has endured a dire condition brought on by a lack of precipitation for years. Water levels are anticipated to stay low in 2023 as water reserves are much below the average of the previous five years. But is there any form of technology that might help to ameliorate this dire circumstance? Experts mix the potentials of various, so there is not just one. It is now feasible to address some parts of drought because to the collaborative application of exceptional advancements like artificial intelligence (AI) and the internet of things (IoT).

Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence to End the Drought

There are several approaches, such as the use of artificial neural networks or algorithms, that can provide significant improvements to water management. Water shortage cannot be addressed by one form of technology alone. In the fight against this consequence of climate change, the use of artificial intelligence and digitization to end the drought is showing promising outcomes.

For instance, to address water shortages, China has turned to artificial intelligence (AI). In order to improve circumstances in the provinces around the Yangtze River, they want to forecast the flow of wet air using satellites and portable radar stations.

Drones being used to seed clouds

After experiencing one of the worst and longest droughts in the nation’s history in 2022, China has once more turned to a method known as “cloud seeding”. In this case, rain is induced intentionally by launching a cocktail of chemicals into the atmosphere through rockets. A recent development in the Asian nation is the use of drones to deliver the (modest) amounts of silver iodide needed to create this rain.

In order to accomplish the same result in the Dubai desert, drones have also been utilised, but in a different method. In this instance, the National Meteorological Centre of the United Arab Emirates makes use of these small, autonomous aircraft to create artificial rain; however, rather than making use of chemical agents, they make use of lasers, which produce electrical charges and are able to group clouds so that they eventually produce rain.

Using IoT and Big Data to manage irrigation effectively

The population of the planet is expected to keep increasing in the future. This presents the difficulty of feeding an increasing number of people in ever-worsening environmental circumstances. Here, the application of big data and the internet of things (IoT) offers a number of crucial components for the effective control of irrigation for the agricultural industry.

In this regard, solutions that combine both technologies have been created to, for instance, provide water traceability or to evaluate data that aids in forecasting and subsequent decision-making. There are instruments made to determine the bare minimum of water required to irrigate the land at any particular moment. This not only aids in real-time fluid use monitoring but also shows information on potential infrastructure leaks, immediately identifying problems.

Satellites are used to observe and study the Earth from space

Another source of study data that sheds light on how global warming affects the entire world is space technology. Satellites, like the NISAR satellite, can offer information on the condition of glaciers, volcanoes, and forest masses, all of which are crucial to maintaining the delicate balance of many ecosystems.

Similar to this, for almost 20 years NASA has been gathering information on how much water a particular crop uses. Through the openET platform, this data is gathered and made accessible to farmers, water managers, and all other forestry experts.

Every problem presents a fresh chance to develop solutions using new technology. And these are but a few of the existing instances of how the use of digitization helps to end the drought.

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